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The editorial of Jean-Pierre Favennec
 May 21, 2021

Energy after COVID

June 2021

Curious declaration of the International Energy Agency on May 18 which asks to stop all exploration and exploitation of new hydrocarbon deposits. It is true that climate change is a serious threat and that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced. Many European countries have committed to zero carbon emissions by 2050 and China, which continues to use increasing amounts of fossil fuels, has made the same commitment but for 2060 with a peak in greenhouse gas emissions in 2030.

African needs

However, let's be realistic: if we have to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the growing energy needs of developing and emerging countries, in particular African countries, are important. It is illusory to think, for example, that electric vehicles will replace thermal vehicles in a few years and that renewable energies will supplant fossil fuels in the short term. Hydraulic energy is important but its potential remains limited and solar and wind energy remain expensive, dependent on metals and rare earths and are ... intermittent. Hydrogen, presented by some as a panacea, will take a long time to become established: production and transport difficulties and the danger of its use do not allow us to imagine a rapid development.

Necessary projects

The development of oil and gas projects in Sub-Saharan Africa, which represent only a small fraction of the world's projects, must therefore be pursued, in order to participate in the satisfaction of global needs and to provide countries holding reserves with the financial resources essential to their development.

These projects are numerous:

  • CTA (Grand Tortue Ahmeyim) projects between Senegal and Mauritania, with first production expected in 2023 (first production: 2.5 MT/year of LNG, more later)
  • Sangomar project in Senegal: 100,000b/d of crude expected in 2023
  • Niger crude export project to Benin coast (Sémé Podji): about 100,000 b/d
  • Project to export Ugandan crude - after many years of negotiations - to the Tanzanian coast
  • Huge gas projects in Tanzania and Mozambique. The construction of several LNG projects in Mozambique are however delayed by the security situation.

Of course we can expect new projects in already producing countries (Ghana, Nigeria, Angola, Kenya). Some of these projects threatened in 2020 by the COVID - see our March 15 Think Tank: impact of the pandemic - should materialize soon


The electrification of the continent is proceeding apace. The increase in demand is growing rapidly in Africa (while it is stabilizing in many Western countries). There are many projects (gas, hydraulic, solar ..) and the strengthening of transmission capacities - see our Think Tank meeting of April 8 - are promoting access to electricity for all in several countries.

What now ?

Soon we will organize a Think Tank meeting on the Continent's energy needs and supply

We are planning - finally - a new edition of the SIEPA (International Oil and Energy Exhibition in Africa) on December 7 and 8 in Dakar. The focus will be on the need for energy transition as well as on the necessary development of projects.

Greetings to all and protect yourself

Jean-Pierre Favennec
Association pour
le Développement
de l'Énergie en Afrique


 Energy in Africa in 2050

ADEA seeks your financial support, for the publication of the study « Energy in Africa in 2050 » (publised on 24 September). Please contact Jean-Pierre Favennec or Philippe Lambert.

Read study


SIEPA 2021

December 7 and 8, 2021 in Dakar

News to come

Creation of the Engineering School for Petroleum and Energy, Ivory Coast

New session: September 2021

of May 18, 2021
of Mar 15, 2021
Journal n°23
of Jun 10, 2019
n°23 - 2019-06-10 09:16:40

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Previous issues

On the web

Senegal: GreenYellow to install a 1.56 MWp solar PV system for Senico
 Jul 8, 2021
GreenYellow, the French renewable energy specialist, will install a 1.56 MWp solar power plant for Senico, a company specialising in the production and marketing of agri-food products. The solar power plant will power its facilities in the town of Diamniadio, near Dakar. Source:
Engie and Energy Web launch “DeFi”, for financing mini-grids
 Jun 19, 2021
Electricity access solutions provider Engie Energy Access, a subsidiary of French giant Engie, has partnered with Energy Web to launch "DeFi". This is a decentralised financing platform that will facilitate the deployment of solar mini-grids and solar kits in sub-Saharan Africa via electronic money. Source:
Nigeria: NNPC to Acquire Equity in 6 Private Refineries
 Jun 1, 2021
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has revealed that it is currently considering equity participation in a number of private refineries in the country. Source: AfroNews.
Africa’s energy transition dilemma
 Jun 1, 2021
On the continent, oil majors Total, Shell and Eni have shifted their focus over to natural gas developments, but their renewable energy and carbon offset projects still make up a relatively small slice of their business.
Exclusive-Eni, BP in talks over oil and gas assets in Algeria
 Jun 1, 2021
BP and Eni are in talks over the future of their oil and gas assets in Algeria as the two groups increase efforts to refocus their businesses to tackle falling margins, rising debt and climate pressures, three sources said. Europe’s top energy companies are cutting back their oil and gas portfolios to keep only the assets most likely to be profitable and redeploy capital for a transition to clean energy as uncertainty mounts over future demand for fossil fuel. Source: Reuters


l'IAE créé en 2013 propose des stages de formation, conférences, études et des recherches en Afrique.