the issues and challenges affecting energy in Africa and ways of providing access to this energy under safe and reasonably affordable conditions, a factor which is essential to sustainable development;
the resources which will be needed for developing production and energy consumption, with prices in line with local living standards, especially in relation to electricity;
forums which would provide for depth of thought on salient issues and establish partnerships for products and their distribution;
articles, recommendations, and works which would promote this approach.
In Africa, like the rest of the world, economic development, basic living standards and even survival greatly depend on access to energy. Most Africans, however, have insufficient access to energy, if they have any at all. Energy consumption in Africa (excluding wood and charcoal) is the lowest in the world with an average TOE (ton of oil equivalent) of 0.6 ton per capita. This is three times less than the world average, seven times less than in Europe and fifteen times less than America.
If one considers that the Republic of South Africa accounts for 40% of Africa’s energy consumption on its own and that North African countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt) also have a relatively high level of demand, this means that the average consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa is so low that it does not make possible the economic development required to reduce poverty..
Lack of access to commercial energy means the widespread use of traditional energy sources –human and animal traction– and especially biomass which represents 75% of the continent's total energy consumption. As currently used, essentially for domestic purposes, this gives rise to serious problems: wood collection puts a strain on society (it takes time and is mostly done by women), it contributes to deforestation and causes health problems due to smoke inhalation within the homes.
It is first necessary to break the vicious cycle which currently dominates the sector and to search for ways and means which would enable the integration of excluded populations into the commercial system, which is necessary to make development possible.
Priority must be given to the following actions:
Improvement of the traditional usage of biomass which would enable the use of modern recycling procedures;
However, the efforts of these actions are not likely to bear fruit immediately and the extreme independence of sector participants does not facilitate the initiatives.
In order to achieve these objectives, the ADEA uses the following tools:
The Association intends to promote its efforts using the Energy Summit as its main springboard.
Senegal, one of the countries involved in the launch of the NEPAD initiative (New Partnership for Africa’s Development), is in charge of energy issues within this framework: this is why the Energy Summit was held in Dakar from 2002 to 2005 and has always received the unconditional support of Senegal’s highest ranking authorities. The 2006 Summit took place in South Africa and the 2007 one was again in Dakar.
The publication is used as a means to promote the ideas, initiatives, projects and encounters organised during and in relation to the Summit. Through this, the Association may take on the role of facilitator and intermediary between the associations which are very active in their relative fields –but often lack resources and whose efforts are too dispersed– and the industrial world including major oil groups and electrical companies.
It is published twice a year, once for the Summit and once half-way through the year. Editorial content includes:
The Association :
The Association is financed by membership fees, by sponsorships and by advertisements in the Journal.
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